I have realised something new. I used to think Daniel 11:40 prophesies a conflict between Turkey and Egypt, because I figured Turkey as “the king of the north”, and Egypt as “the king of the south”. But this interpretation is wrong.
For one thing, the king of the south, in Hebrew, is מֶלֶךְ הַנֶּגֶב, literally “the king of the Negev”, and since 1948, the Negev has been under Israeli rule. For another, the king of the north, described as מֶלֶךְ הַצָּפוֹן in Hebrew, is not Pergamon, as I had assumed, but rather the Seleucid kingdom. To understand this part, it is necessary to examine Daniel 11 from the very start.
The mighty king of Daniel 11:3 is Alexander the Great. Alexander’s Grecian kingdom, circa 332–323 BC, was the 3rd beast of Daniel 7. When Alexander died, his kingdom was essentially divided into 4.
“And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.”
– Daniel 11:3-4
- Kingdom of Seleucus I Nicator
- Kingdom of Ptolemy I Soter
- Kingdom of Lysimachus
- Kingdom of Cassander
I had assumed the kingdom of Lysimachus, circa 306–281 BC, which today is the western part of Turkey, is the north of Daniel 11. But if you look at the map, the kingdom of Seleucus I Nicator, circa 305–281 BC, is the one that is directly north of Jerusalem. Seleucus’s kingdom included all of Assyria, i.e. Syria and Iraq, some of Turkey and even some of Iran and Afghanistan. The capital of the kingdom of Seleucus I Nicator was on the Tigris river in Iraq, around the vicinity of ancient Babylon – the Babylon of Nebuchadnezzar II, circa 634-562 BC, the 1st beast of Daniel 7.
The king of the south, or the king of the Negev, after Alexander the Great, was the kingdom of Ptolemy I Soter, circa 323–283 BC.
Ptolemy I Soter was succeeded by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus, circa 285–246 BC. This is written in Daniel 11:5.
“And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.”
– Daniel 11:5
The daughter of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Berenice, married the Seleucid king Antiochus II Theos, in an effort to secure a peace agreement. This is precisely the prophecy of Daniel 11:6.
“And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king’s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.”
– Daniel 11:6
Therefore, the king of the north in Daniel 11:6 is the Seleucid kingdom.
It is important to know that all of Daniel 11:29-45 speaks of the great tribulation, in the end times.
“For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.”
– Matthew 24:21
Daniel 11:29 reads that the king of the north shall come towards the south but as a different kingdom of the north and towards a different kingdom of the south.
“At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter.”
– Daniel 11:29
Different kingdoms. Same north and south geography.
Nahum 1:11 says the Antichrist will come out of Nineveh, i.e. Mosul Iraq, the location of the capital of ancient Assyria. Isaiah 10:5, 10:24, 14:25 and 30:31 all describe the Antichrist as “the Assyrian”. In 2014, the Islamic State or ISIS proclaimed itself to the world from a mosque in Mosul Nineveh, after it had conquered vast swathes of Syria and Iraq.
Since 1948, the Negev, a semi-desert area, has been a part of the nation of Israel. Today, the Negev is home to a number of important IDF bases, including Dimona. The Negev is also the southern half of the modern nation of Israel, essentially the land of Judah.
Therefore, I now say, Daniel 11:40 prophesies, at the appointed time, Israel shall push militarily at the Assyrian, and at the same time the Assyrian shall come against Israel like a whirlwind.
“And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.”
– Daniel 11:40
This will happen after the abomination of desolation, Daniel 11:31.
“And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.”
– Daniel 11:31
Now, you might ask, how can it be that ISIS can come against Israel like a whirlwind with tanks and ships? The answer is, by the appointed time, the beast with 7 heads and 10 horns will have formed. By then, the Assyrian will be in control of 10 nations.
There is one more thing to note. In Daniel 11:40, “whirlwind” or he-comes-like-a-whirlwind is spelt יִשְׂתָּעֵר. By contrast, in Psalms 58:9, “whirlwind” or he-shall-take-them-away-like-a-whirlwind is spelt יִשְׂעָרֶ – that is to say without the תָּ. Strong’s index H8175 says שער is whirlwind, and שְׂתָּעֵר does not seem to be in any Hebrew dictionary.
So why יִשְׂתָּעֵר? Notice יִשְׂתָּעֵר literally spells “Istar”, which is very close to Ishtar. And Ishtar happens to be the Assyrian version of the Egyptian goddess Isis.