Was Joan of Arc (1412-1431 AD) a messenger of God? To answer this question, it is necessary to understand the nature and purpose of the Hundred Years War (1337–1453 AD) between England and France.
I contend, the LORD of hosts used the Hundred Years War that started in 1337 AD to punish the knights of France. Crécy (1346 AD), Poitiers (1356 AD), and Agincourt (1415 AD) were overwhelming English victories, and Agincourt especially cut down the cream of French chivalry. In 1307 AD, King Philip IV of France arrested and disbanded the Knights Templar, ultimately for worshipping Satan. I imagine, some Templars and their retinue escaped the king’s arrest warrant. Some fled overseas, particularly to Scotland. Some went into hiding. Philip IV died in 1314 AD. 5 French kings later, France and England began to quarrel over the Duchy of Aquitaine. Matters worsen when France and Scotland formed an alliance against England. It was Philip VI of France who wanted to seize Aquitaine from England in 1337 AD. Thus began the Hundreds Years War.
In the Hundred Years War, one can see the LORD of hosts using the army of one nation to chastise another. From 1337 AD to 1453 AD is 2, 3 or 4 generations.
“Thou shalt have no other gods before me.”
– Exodus 20:3
“Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;”
– Exodus 20:5
I suppose, at some point during the Hundred Years War, the LORD of hosts said, it is enough, and thus Joan of Arc and the reconquest of France.
In the early 1300s AD, France was clearly the superpower of Europe, strengthened financially and militarily by the crusades. England, weaker, had to pay homage to France for Aquitaine.
When hostilities broke out, King Edward III of England sunk almost all of the French navy at Sluys (1340 AD). This enabled the English to land an army in France and fight the French there. Edward III’s son, Edward of Woodstock (aka the Black Prince), launched chevauchées against French towns in an attempt to provoke the French army into a pitch battle. Militarily, the chevauchée is more punishing than annexing. Edward III’s war against France changed England into a formidable military power, in terms of weapons and tactics. Crécy and Poitiers saw the English longbow deployed in enfilade for the first time.
When Richard II, son of the Black Prince, became king of England in 1377 AD, he sought peace with France. I say, for that he was usurped by Henry IV.
And upon the death of Henry IV in 1413 AD, the son Henry V resumed the Hundred Years War. Agincourt in 1415 AD, fought by Henry V in person, devastated the knights of France, to my point. Curiously, for all his might, Henry V could not capture Le Mont-Saint-Michel in Normandy, which is dedicated to the Archangel Michael. After Agincourt, Henry V sought the throne of France for his heirs through the 1420 AD Treaty of Troyes. The throne was to pass to Henry’s heirs, upon the death of Charles VI of France. Charles VI happened to outlive Henry V by months. When Charles died, many in France declared the Treaty of Troyes invalid.
So, by the time of Henry VI of England and Charles VII of France (aka the Dauphin), there was much doubt as to who had the divine right to rule France. Enter Joan of Arc, the messenger.
In 1429 AD, Joan of Arc said she was given 2 tasks by the King of Heaven: raise the siege of Orléans and conduct the Dauphin to Reims for coronation. She achieved both. Orléans was a city on the way to Reims. The Cathedral of Reims had been special to France since Clovis, in regard to the divine right to rule.
Joan of Arc’s victory at Orléans (1429 AD) is striking, because Agincourt, some 14 years earlier, had diminished France’s capacity to wage war. If historical accounts of the battle for Orléans are accurate and sudden fear did grip the English, then Joan’s mission must surely have been from the LORD. The will and courage to fight is significant to a battle. Scripture such as Isaiah 19:16 and Jeremiah 51:30 explain, angels of the LORD can shape the outcome of a battle.
In 1430 AD, Joan of Arc was captured at Compiègne by the Burgundians and handed over to the English. She was tried for heresy by her English captors, and then burnt at the stake on 30 May 1431 AD.
“Of the love or hatred God has for the English, I know nothing, but I do know that they will all be thrown out of France.”
– Joan of Arc, 1431 AD
Some 25 years later, France led by Joan’s king, Charles VII, expelled the English from France.
It must be said, Joan of Arc was illiterate and poor, and at that time the Bible was not yet available in the vernacular. Yet it is apparent from the transcripts of her trial for heresy that she was able to answer the learned scholars and bishops correctly, on matters of theology. In 1431 AD, when asked about being in the grace of God, Joan replied: “If I am not, may God place me there; if I am, may God so keep me.” This happens to be consistent with Romans 11:21-23, which says God is able to cut off branches and graff them in again, ad infinitum, until the time of the harvest. Romans 11:21-23 is also confirmed by Luke 8:13, Hebrews 6:4-8, Hebrews 10:26, Revelation 3:5, etc. Equally remarkable, Joan of Arc did not swear upon heaven, or take an oath. This happens to be consistent with Matthew 5:33-37 and James 5:12. Thus, I have to say, either the preaching at the church Joan of Arc attended in Domrémy was superbly Christian or else she spoke the truth.
“Take care what you do for in truth I am sent by God and you put yourself in great danger.”
– Joan of Arc to Bishop Cauchon, 1431 AD
According to Helen Castor’s documentary God’s Warrior (2015), Bishop Cauchon became convinced of Joan’s heresy when Joan said she saw a bodily angel. On this, Cauchon erred, because in Joshua 5:13-15 the captain of the LORD’s host appears to Joshua as a man.
“And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries? And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? And the captain of the LORD’S host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so.”
– Joshua 5:13-15
That Joan heard voices, saw bodily figures, and in the end said she was an angel is not a contradiction. In theory, all 3 could have happened, and all 3 are theologically sound.
“It was I who brought the message of the crown to my King. I was the angel.”
– Joan of Arc, 30 May 1431 AD
The word “angel” derives from the Greek ἄγγελος (transliteration aggelos), meaning an angel or a messenger.