To my mind, the 6 day war of 1967, from June 5 to 10, fought between Israel and her Arab neighbours, principally Egypt, Syria and Jordan but also Lebanon and Iraq, is the war of Psalms 83.
Psalms 83 is a prophecy of a war, a song, and a prayer to God. According to the prophecy, the war involves God’s people (“thy people”) and the enemies of God (“thine enemies”).
“A Song or Psalm of Asaph. Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.”
– Psalms 83:1-4
On 23 May 1967, Egypt’s Nasser blockaded the Straits of Tiran, and thereafter conspired especially with Syria’s Assad, “the United Arab Republic”, and later Jordan’s Hussein, to avenge the first Arab-Israeli war of 1948 and also the Suez war of 1956.
Incidentally, in 1956, Israel, Great Britain and France were on one side, and in effect Egypt, the USA and the USSR were on the other. This is because the USA and the USSR forced Israel, Great Britain and France to surrender the Suez to Egypt. This weakened the British and emboldened Nasser.
Anyway, in 1967, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon were confederate against Israel, Psalms 83:5.
“For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.”
– Psalms 83:5-8
Ishmaelites and Hagarenes: Egypt.
Assur: Iraq and Syria, i.e. Assyria.
Edom, Moab, Ammon, Amalek and children of Lot: Jordan.
Gebal and Tyre: Lebanon.
Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre: PLO in Lebanon.
The combined might of all of these Arab nations could not prevail against Israel in 1967, for the LORD of hosts was with Israel.
The 1967 war gave the modern state of Israel control of Jerusalem, for the first time. The Israeli Defence Force entered the old city of Jerusalem from the east side, through the Lion’s Gate, also known as Stephen’s Gate, i.e. Acts 7:58-59.
“Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD. Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.”
– Psalms 83:17-18
A war of 6 days in 1967. On the seventh day he rested.