Every Anzac day, 25 April, Australia commemorates Gallipoli, saying “Lest we forget”.
Although the Gallipoli campaign did not succeed militarily, the attack at Gallipoli was not in vain. In my opinion, Gallipoli inadvertently served as a strategic feint. After Gallipoli, the Ottoman army had to choose, defend Turkey or Jerusalem.
It was Winston Churchill, as First Lord of the Admiralty, who proposed a naval attack on the Dardanelles so as to reach the Black Sea and supply Russia, at the time an ally of France and thus of Britain. A combined naval force from Britain, France, Russia and Australia attempted to breach Gallipoli peninsula, to no avail.
Thereafter, the British decided to land army at Gallipoli to silence the big guns of the Ottomans that protected the strait. The allied force landed on 25 April 1915.
Incidentally, on the eve of the allied landing at Gallipoli, the Ottomans massacred some 1.5 million Armenian Christians who lived within the Ottoman Caliphate. This was the Armenian genocide.
At Gallipoli, the defenders were too few to defeat the initial landing. But then as Turkish positions were reinforced, the attack slowed and the attackers were forced to dig in. By December 2015, after months of casualties and not much ground gained, the allied force withdrew from Gallipoli and moved to Egypt, at the time a British protectorate. They transferred to Egypt, to defend the Sinai, which had come under sporadic attack from Germans and Ottomans since January 1915.
It was at this time that the British formed the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. Anzacs were included in the EEF, because of the withdrawal from Gallipoli. The EEF was principally charged with defending the Suez Canal. But command figured attacking the Ottomans would be more cost effective than establishing static defences. And so the EEF sought to wrest Judaea, or Palestine as it was then known, away from the Ottoman Empire. By the way, Judaea was renamed Palestine by the Romans after the Bar Kokhba revolt in 132 AD.
The British campaign for Palestine culminated in the miraculous charge at Beersheba on 31 October 1917, and the liberation of Jerusalem on 9 December 1917. In my opinion, the whole of WWI was essentially about Jerusalem 1917, something that was predestined to happen by the Lord of Hosts.
Although Britain prised Jerusalem from the Ottomans, the seminal battle was won by cavalry emblazoned with the rising sun, the Australian army.
Australia, though federated as an independent nation in 1901, fought WWI as an ally of Britain.
Remarkably, the charge at Beersheba of the 4th and 12th Australian Light Horse in October 1917 was the world’s last successful cavalry charge.
The Australian Light Horsemen were actually mounted infantry, riding Walers, trained to ride up to the field of battle, then dismount and then fight on foot. But on 31 October 1917, they decided to charge, against Turkish guns and all odds.
Bear in mind, the Charge of the Light Brigade, a charge of British light cavalry against Russian guns during the Battle of Balaclava, 63 years before, failed utterly, as Alfred Tennyson’s poem remembers.
No Victoria Cross, the highest military medal for “valour in the face of the enemy”, was given for Beersheba. However, VC recipient Lt. Col. Leslie Cecil Maygar was killed in action at Beersheba.
It should be noticed that the VC is a cross with a lion. By contrast, America’s highest medal for gallantry, the Medal of Honor, is essentially an inverted pentagram, a Satanic symbol.
Militarily, Britain’s EEF won Palestine largely by manoeuvre. Apparently General Edmund Allenby’s Battle of Megiddo, fought between 19 and 25 September 1918, was tactically brilliant. He managed to defeat 3 Ottoman armies, at comparatively little cost.
The Battle of Megiddo in WWI was the final offensive of the EEF before the Ottomans surrendered at Damascus, on 1 October 1918.
During WWI, Megiddo was the decisive battle that brought the Caliphate of the Ottomans to an end. In the end times, Armageddon (Tel Megiddo) will be the decisive battle that brings the Caliphate of the fourth beast to an end. As it was, so it shall be.
An inscription on Australia’s memorial wall at Lone Pine for Gallipoli begins with the words “To the Glory of God”. I mention this, lest anyone forgets.